Other kinds of milkweed have bast fiber of differing strengths. Light, soft, and springy like goose down, just a couple pounds of milkweed fiber in a life jacket could keep a grown man floating for a full day. Many other bast fiber plants have been used for textiles throughout history and the world. Dogbane fiber shows a good combination of fineness and length. The floss was used at an industrial scale during World War II as a fill for life jackets and it is currently processed and used on a small scale for winter jacket insulation. 3. Milkweeds are named for an abundant, milky-white latex “sap” that seeps from injured portions of the plant. Above left, Edward Willie, a native Pomo, Walaeki, and Wintu teacher, visits a patch in Sonoma County that has been tended continuously by indigenous peoples for thousands of years. Fire was used historically as a tending strategy by indigenous people to clear brush and promote the growth of dogbane, but recent fire regulations and nearby developments have made it difficult to maintain this practice. The preserve hosts a day of cordage making and stewardship each winter, and you can read about a recent event here. In addition to bast fiber, milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss. Company of Ohio, Case No. The leaves of the plant yield a lovely butter yellow, I live in Massachusetts and we've made several visits to Plimoth Plantation where we have seen the Native American interpreters using milkweed bast fibres to make various items. I am not certain how cold it gets in Dayton, but you may want to try sowing it outdoors in fall. As Manager ofCorporate Ventures for Standard Oil, I was in charge of starting up newbusinesses and was asked to take a look at the milkweed opportunity. In addition to working with hemp and flax last year (read more in our 2019 blogs), we collaborated with local farmers and indigenous land tenders to harvest and process three native bast fiber plants—dogbane, nettle, and milkweed—into fiber suitable for spinning into yarn. Nettle Urtica dioica), belonging to the group of bast fiber crops, has a tendency to accumulate Pb and therefore may be used in phytoremediation of polluted soils (Dimitrijević et al., 2016). Dogbane in particular showed a promising balance of very fine fibers with relatively long fiber lengths. The bast fibers can be used to make textiles that are 100% hemp, but they are commonly blended with other fibers, such as flax, cotton or silk, as well as virgin and recycled polyester, to make woven fabrics for apparel and furnishings. A little more research, and I discovered that native Americans used to make cord from the baste (stem) fibers, and use the fluff that forms in the seedpods as insulation. The bast fibers of some species can be used for rope. O Natural Fibers Corp., Ogallala, NE, and Renee Y. Sayler, Associate Director of Industry Development, University of Nebraska, Lincoln Historically, milkweed has importedbeen a weed that farmers tried to kill. The sizes of the stalks and the fiber yields from each stalk are similar to those of some hemp. holosericea). With permission and guidance from indigenous land tenders, we harvested dogbane for the Bast Fiber Exhibit from a patch in Sonoma County that has been continuously tended for thousands of years and is within the traditional and ancestral territory of Southern Pomo and Coast Miwok peoples. In handtruth, the use of milkweed is nothing casenew. Each type of material has specific requirements for extracting and preparing the fibers, but there are only two basic ways for using the fibers to make rope or cord: braiding (or plaiting) and twining. All three plants have value as perennial crops that grow well in local climates. The mechanical behavior of milkweed-epoxy composites is studied. Bast fibers have a long relationship with humans: the earliest known fibers used by humans include wild flax fibers from 34,000 years ago found in a cave in the country of Georgia. At least 19 species grow in California, including narrow-leaf milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis), which can be found in dry, open areas throughout the state, and showy milkweed (Asclepias speciosa), which grows in more mountainous, wetter areas. Bast Accession Number 7/8/93-AE.139.8.1-5.1.11-1.8/10/93 #794 (O) #1 Title Common milkweed, hammer stem, peel fiber Processing treatment hammer and peel Image Identification information CM-006-06-25-09-POL-FOR-400X-MM-1-9 Image capture digital Date of image capture 06/25/09 Microscopist L. Crawford Microscope Zeiss Axioplan Mounting agent and RI Meltmount RI 1.539 Microscopic … Common milkweed bast fibe( can be used as a textile material and its stems as a raw material in the paper industry (74). US$ 39.95. In addition to its long-recognized medicinal qualities, milkweed has been used as a fiber source. Metrics details. This is where I entered the milkweed picture in the mid-1980s. C. Minor types: Brush and broom fibers (broomstraw) Plaiting and weaving fibers, not single cells (palm leaves, grain straw, papyrus, bamboo) Filling fibers (kapok, milkweed, cattails) Felting fibers (paper mulberry, lace bark) III. Dogbane supports several species of moths and provides abundant nectar to pollinators. No translation memories found. The possibility of using the stems of milkweed plant as a source for natural cellulose fibers was explored in this research. The most important components of fibres are cellulose (77%), pectin (1.4%) and waxes (1.4%). Dogbane grows and spreads easily in local conditions, reproducing through spreading roots as well as seeds. Milkweed floss is a great addition to the cotton because it adds warmth and sheen that other plant fibers have difficulty doing. Fiber characterization showed its tensile strength, and the cellulose content was equivalent to or even better than other bast fibers. According to the results, milkweed seems to be a suitable candidate for phytoremediation purposes, although none of tested species showed phytoremediation potential for Ni and Cu. The milkweed floss is collected from local conservation groups, cleaned, and the seeds are then returned to each group for prairie restorations. It grows easily to a height of 4 m without agrochemicals and captures large quantities of carbon. The site is now protected under the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, and volunteers tend the site throughout the year by clearing brush and weeds and otherwise maintaining habitat for the plant. Most milkweed plants are toxic for human consumption due to these defenses, although some milkweed species may be made edible if properly processed. In fact, many landscapers and home gardeners struggle with dogbane taking over the areas they tend, and in some agricultural contexts the plant is considered a weed and competes well enough to create significant yield losses in fields of soy, corn, and other crops. Making Paper from Milkweed . Hemp is the bast fibre obtained from stems of Cannabis sativa L plants. This gap has triggered the scope for the present study which demonstrates raw and alkali treated Milkweed bast fiber and its potentiality for reinforcements in composites. Handmade abstract paper light sculptures and papers. Nettle grows wild in wet areas, often by rivers and lakesides. Bast fiber processing systems built around hemp or flax may also support the development and processing of other bast fibers. The flowers often constitute small … In recent years, community members have worked to preserve and tend this patch amidst ongoing pressure from local development. A friend of mine has clay soil and has tried to grow milkweed a number of times without much success. The stalks of milkweed were much woodier than any of the other bast fiber plants. Pull bast off of the inner core Soak overnight. The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. In addition to working with hemp and flax last year ... and milkweed — into fiber suitable for spinning into yarn. Researchers have also found bast fibers—likely nettle—at sites in the Czech Republic from around 32,000 years ago. This common plant (Asclepias speciosa) provides the willing papermaker with a ready source of bast fiber. Feb 9, 2019 - The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. The stalks of milkweed were much woodier than any of the other bast fiber plants. With materials from each plant, we developed a Bast Fiber Exhibit for the 2019 Fibershed Gala and the 2019 Wool and Fine Fiber Symposium to provide both a tactile understanding of bast fiber processing and a hands-on comparison between fiber types. Botanically, the fibers harvested from many of these plants are bast fibers; the fibers come from the phloem tissue of the plant. Encore3, a Canadian company, created milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of oil at a rate of .06 gallons per minute. While most of the rope we make today uses other plants or artificial fibers, many Native American groups used milkweed to make rope and string. This common plant (Asclepias speciosa) provides the willing papermaker with a ready source of bast fiber. Other kinds of milkweed have bast fiber of differing strengths. Europeans gave the Latin name Apocynum cannabinum to the plant because of the similarity between its fiber and that of hemp (Cannabis sativa). Asclepias syriaca, commonly called common milkweed, butterfly flower, silkweed, silky swallow-wort, and Virginia silkweed, is a species of flowering plant.It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds.It is native to southern Canada and much of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, excluding the drier parts of the prairies. LINDEN. The floss extremely buoyant and more insulating than goose down. The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducted studies in the 1890s and 1940s that found that Milkweed has more potential for commercial processing than any other indigenous bast fiber plant. Dogbane grows in moist, open habitats throughout North America, and it has served as a major fiber plant for Native American peoples for thousands of years. The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducted studies in the 1890s and 1940s that found that Milkweed has more potential for commercial processing than any other indigenous bast fiber plant. The latex contains chemical compounds the plants use to fend off predation from insects and other animals. I experimented with drawing handcards through the dried fiber and found that the process broke some of the longer fibers into consistent sizes, a couple of inches long, which were perfect for handcarding. The texture is much like hemp, rather than, Companion Planting Guide by World Permaculture Association, current server time (not your local time) is, http://inconsequentialblogger.blogspot.com/2014/04/processing-spinning-and-knitting.html?m=1, https://www.jstor.org/stable/4251941?seq=1, http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Asclepias+syriaca, Sources for Flax/Linen Processing Equipment, We have Monarch butterflies and caterpillars: Creating a Monarch Habitat. The mechanical behavior of milkweed-epoxy composites is studied. Above right, dogbane plants (Photo via Wikipedia). Commercially important plant fibers. I also grow milkweed (specifically common milkweed Asclepias syriaca) here in central Ohio (zone 5) as a monarch host plant, for the wonderful spicy-sweet fragrance of the blooms, and for limited bast fiber. We paired specimens of each plant with samples of raw fiber, degummed fiber, hurd, seeds, and other products, such as edible leaves from nettle and flower buds from hemp. The center photo shows hemp, flax, dogbane, nettle, and milkweed fiber. I read The End of Growth about 5 years ago and it has shaped my thinking ever since. Often known as “stinging nettle,” its leaves and stems are covered with small, thin, needle-like spines that can cause irritation if touched by bare skin. I've been wanting to try my hand at getting fibers from milkweed, processing them, and spinning them. Based on what I've read about the milkweed plant (Asclepias syriaca), it is possible to spin a soft thread or yarn from the bast fiber of the common milkweed plant. This same fluff was used to fill life jackets during WWI, and there is a budding milkweed industry in the midwest. Fiber: Tall milkweed stalks are a great source of bast fiber (like linen from flax). The plant had many medicinal uses as well. Milkweed species also have benefits as habitat, providing strong nectar sources for pollinators and the sole habitat for caterpillars of the monarch butterfly. You can make rope or natural cordage (rope and string) from many different fibers including (Bast) Dogbane, Milkweed, Nettles, Hemp, and straw. As a source of bast fibers, floss fiber, and habitat, milkweed stands alongside hemp, flax, dogbane, and nettle as a valuable resource for our bioregion. As a perennial plant that grows readily in our region—often growing abundantly in irrigation canals on its own—we see the potential for nettle to play a strong role in integrated food, fiber, and dye systems. Consider more lenient search: click button to let Glosbe search more freely. In spring, the sweet sap can be tapped. Most fibers can be harvested during more than one season. I also grow milkweed (specifically common milkweed Asclepias syriaca) here in central Ohio (zone 5) as a monarch host plant, for the wonderful spicy-sweet fragrance of the blooms, and for limited bast fiber. As a vigorous, perennial source of fine fiber and habitat, dogbane has much promise as a component in regional fiber systems. And I love to process it in Winter. Purple milkweed is used as a contraceptive and an abortifacient. While milkweed floss is too smooth to spin easily and does not form strong yarns on its own, the fiber is hollow and has been used commercially as a fill and insulation material for decades. Bast fibers have a long relationship with humans: the earliest known fibers used by humans include wild flax fibers from 34,000 years ago found in a cave in the country of Georgia. In addition to bast fiber, milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss. Showing page 1. A. As a bast fiber, the stems were a reliable source of cordage for Native Americans. I too have gotten relatively thick and stiff cordage rather than soft linen-type fibers, but I … The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. The inner bark of the tree produces durable fiber that softens with use. Fibers from hemp, flax, dogbane, milkweed and nettle have been used for thousands of years to produce textiles, cordage, netting, etc. I never planted it, it just appeared one year and has spread everywhere on it's own. As crops, the plants can play a valuable role in crop rotations and provide high yields of both food and fiber with relatively minimal inputs. Hemp had the longest and coarsest fiber, while milkweed had exceptionally soft but short fiber. It is a bast fiber, and the fiber used for textiles comes from the inner bark (phloem) of the vegetative stalks and not the woody stem or outer bark. Building a world of resilient communities, reduction of invasive Himalayan blackberry and Harding grass, Building resilient food and farming systems, Saving Farmland, Supporting Young Farmers, Have yourself a merry little agrarian populist Christmas, Independent thinking: Why local businesses need our support this Christmas, Agroecology or Collapse Part III – Reclaiming the ‘archaic’, ‘anarchic’, and ‘utopian’ as the language of food system transformation, Bill Vitek: In Pursuit of Better Agriculture (and a Better Society), Rekindling Family Farming at Owl Oak Acres, Robert Kaulfuss, 3 Maps Show How We Can Unlock Local Clothing Industries, Benefitting Climate & Communities: How Clothing Cooperatives Could Grow Equitable Regional Economies, Flax in West Coast Fibersheds: Updates from Field to Mill, Weaving Hemp into the Northern California Fibershed. 64 likes. Composition. Duringthe process, I made contact with William G. Wilson of Kimberly-Clark in Neenah,Wisconsin, who was looking for someone who knew how to grow milkweed. Price includes VAT for USA. Alongside milkweed, it was the finest of the fibers we processed, and dogbane fibers were similar in length to those of nettle. Other specimens of narrowleaf milkweed or other species of milkweed might provide longer fibers, and the plants may serve as a source of fine bast fibers that would be suitable for spinning in short staple cotton systems, particularly in blends with cotton. This gap has triggered the scope for the present study which demonstrates raw and alkali treated Milkweed bast fiber and its potentiality for reinforcements in composites. The composition of the milkweed fibers was measured in terms of the cellulose and lignin content. Milkweed floss, seed fiber of common milkweed and certain other North American plants in the family Apocynaceae. B. Papermaking fibers are single cells of cotton or delignified wood. beautiful bast in a small clump of Aphid-infested plants my neighbor wanted gone. Content on this site is subject to our reposting policy. Milkweed Fiber a s a Thermal Insulator, Re port for Standard Oil. 1943). Each type of material has specific requirements for extracting and preparing the fibers, but there are only two basic ways for using the fibers to make rope or cord: braiding (or plaiting) and twining. Most spinners have wild plants—natives, invasives, or maybe both—growing in their region that can be processed into spinnable bast fibers.Depending on your climate, you might have plants such as nettle, flax, mulberry, milkweed, linden, or Caesar weed growing nearby. The walls of bast fibers in many plants are saturated with lignin; in some plants the membranes of the fibers consist almost solidly of cellulose and are elastic and very strong. In the plant, bast fibers transport dissolved sugars and lend structural support for the stem. add example. Plants that have been used for bast fibre include flax (from which linen is made), hemp, jute, kenaf, kudzu, linden, milkweed, nettle, okra, paper mulberry, ramie, and roselle hemp. (Photos by Nicholas Wenner, left, and Paige Green, right). Also called “heartleaf”, it produces tough string and cordage. Purple milkweed is used as a contraceptive and an abortifacient. Two types of fiber are obtainable, the long, quite strong but brittle bast fiber and the seed hairs. The kenaf fibers had a denier of 16, length of 80 mm, average breaking tenacity of 3.0 g denier −1, breaking elongation of 1% and modulus of 330 g denier −1. Yet now, serious efforts are under way to cultivate it—and lifeeven to develop a milkweed milkweedindustry. The fibers we processed were finer than those of hemp and similar to those of flax. Kenaf fibers were supplied by Bast Fibers LLC (Cresskill, NJ). While shorter than fibers from flax and hemp, the dogbane fibers had sufficient length to be spun on cotton equipment. These fibers require relatively little processing compared to hemp, and fibers fine enough for many purposes can be obtained directly from dried stalks without retting or degumming. soda ash, 20%of fiber's dry weight Until it begins to blend easily Blend DJ (Michigan) Harvest after the leaves have Seam Siren produces clothing from Himalayan nettle (Girardinia diversifolia) in partnership with Nepalese producers and shared perspectives on these efforts at the Fibershed 2017 Wool and Fine Fiber Symposium. Resilience is a program of Post Carbon Institute, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping the world transition away from fossil fuels and build sustainable, resilient communities. Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem. Similar to flax, dogbane stalks have relatively few and relatively small leaf nodes, which supports the production of long, continuous fibers. Sculpted Light. LINDEN. The seed fluff is supposed to be spinnable as well, and was also collected during WW2 as a filler for life jackets. It does need cold stratification in order to germinate. Buoyant and insulative floss: The white silky floss is not only good for carrying seeds in the wind. They are classified in the genus Asclepias, which sits in the same family as dogbane.  Nettle (Urtica dioica) grows perennially in moist soils throughout North America. Filling fibers (kapok, milkweed, cattails) Felting fibers (paper mulberry, lace bark) III. Since then, the floss has repeatedly unpergone scru tiny as a possible source of bast fiber. Mandrake...takes on and holds the influence of the devil more than other herbs because of its similarity to a human. According to Senn (1944), growing milkweed for fiber … Bast fibers have been highly regarded for beautiful, durable textiles throughout history and into the modern era. Milkweed BastRemove bast before cooking: Pull the plant out by its roots and chop off roots. Bees pollinate part of a 4-acre milkweed plot in Merced County, where Bowles Farming Co. is working to bring an abundance of native milkweed seed to restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley. You can make rope or natural cordage (rope and string) from many different fibers including (Bast) Dogbane, Milkweed, Nettles, Hemp, and straw. It seems to prefer full sun and a loose sandy/loamy soil. 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( Asclepias speciosa ) provides the willing papermaker with a hatchet to begin to separate bast.